He who will reap must sow. Research and science are the seeds of economic success. That is exactly why businesses and the state government in Bavaria invest a larger proportion of the gross domestic product in research and development than actors in many other states. This puts Bavaria in a leading international position.
The Free State of Bavaria has a differentiated network of internationally-renowned universities, non-university research institutions, company facilities and associations, which has evolved over time.
Bavaria's university landscape is an efficient and varied pillar of research and development and provides stimulus for innovation. Nine state universities (including the elite LMU Munich and Technische Universität München), 24 universities of applied sciences, the University of Television and Film Munich and large numbers of private institutes educate the next generation and open up interesting opportunities for cooperation for innovative companies from every sector.
Renowned research and scientific institutions such as the Max Planck Society, the German Aerospace Center, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and Institutes, as well as the Helmholtz and Leibniz Associations, are driving forces in their sectors worldwide and attract scientists from a wide range of different fields of interest.
Bavarian technology clusters ensure fast transfer of knowledge and give businesspeople the chance to make research available so that everyone can benefit. That pays off. For Bavaria. And for all the companies based here.
7.204 patent applications were recorded by the European Patent Office from Bavaria in 2020. Bavaria is Europe's leading region for patent applications and responsible for 28.3 percent of all German applications in 2020.
Digital research and development in Bavaria
Digital research expertise in Bavaria
The fact that Munich was appointed as the Top ICT Hub in Europe by the European Commission is not without good reason – companies, start-ups and, last but not least, the numerous research institutes in Bavaria cover the relevant disciplines for the digital transformation. The research centre of Bavaria integrates the development labs of many companies, universities and universities of applied science, technology clusters and scientific institutes, such as the Fraunhofer Institute, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Leibniz-Gesellschaft and Helmholtz Zentrum. Together, they create a climate where research and development can grow free from economic constraints. As a result, the brightest minds find the necessary freedom to refine their ideas at this location. Working together with companies from all application industries also increases the potential for cross-industry innovations and creates unique, interdisciplinary collaborations.
Strengthening digitalisation in all industries
Excellent research and education institutions are also a requirement to form hubs – three hot spots have already been awarded for promising technologies in Bavaria as part of the government’s Digital Hub initiative: the UnternehmerTUM Mobility Hub, the InsurTech Hub in Munich and the Medical Valley E-Health Hub in the Nuremberg metropolitan region. And because research is not just restricted to universities, all digitalisation stakeholders benefit from various funding programmes in Bavaria. Universities of applied science are therefore an important innovation driver with an annual research budget of roughly 1.5 billion euro, but founders of SMEs also have further development options open to them with the Bayerische Technologieförder-Programm (BayTP - Bavarian Technology Funding Programme). Regardless of the size of the company, the state also supports innovations from promising industries, for example in the “Information and Communication Technology” or “Electronic Systems” R&D programmes.
Investments in future research
Within the scope of the High-Tech Agenda, Bavarian politics provides high financial resources for the expansion of the research landscape throughout the Free State. Thanks to this knowledge campaign, the fields of artificial intelligence, quantum technology, aerospace and clean tech will receive tremendous funding in the coming years. One key player in scientific and industry-oriented research is Zentrum Digitalisierung.Bayern, which is aimed at strengthening cooperation between business and science and Bavarian expertise.